In 1918 the Slovaks joined the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II, Czechoslovakia became a communist nation within Soviet-ruled Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully on 1 January 1993. Slovakia has experienced more difficulty than the Czech Republic in developing a modern market economy. - US CIA World Factbook
Following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia, the new country of Slovakia immediately fell into the German political orbit and became allied. The newly created army of Slovakia (the unoccupied portion of Czechoslovakia) retained seventy nine of the two hundred and ninety eight LT vz 35s which had been in Czech service. The Slovaks organized the remaining tanks into a single battalion. In August 1941 a Mobile Division was formed, by then, the tank battalion had been re-equipped with sixty nine LT vz 38s. The division fought at Lemberg and Kiev in 1941, and took part in the capture of Rostov in 1942. While helping cover the retreat from the Caucasus after the battle of Stalingrad it was nearly cut off at Krasnodar but was airlifted out. Having lost it's heavy equipment during the airlift, the unit was re-organized into the 1st Infantry Division and given coastal defense duties.

OA vz.27
OA vz.27

Heavy armored car. Slovakia had three of these.

Specifications
Crew 5
Engine Skoda, 4cyl, 5700cc, 60hp
Performance 35km/hour
Length 5.35m
Width 1.95m
Height 2.66m
Armament 2 x MG vz.7/24 plus 1 x ZB vz.26
Armor 3 - 5.5mm
Weight 6.6 tons
Range 250km

OA vz.30
OA vz.30

A row of OA vz.30 light armored cars. 10 were used until replaced by the Panzer II.

Specifications
Crew 3
Engine Tatra 71 aircolled 4cyl 1910cc 32hp
Performance 60km/hour 
Length 4.02m
Width 1.52m
Height 2.02m
Armament 3 x ZB vz.26 MG
Armor 3 - 6mm
Weight 2.78 tons
Range 300km

T-33
T-33

A Czech built tankette, the design was influenced by the Vickers Mark VI tankette, seventy were used by the Slovaks. The Tancík vz. 33 vehicles were only used for training though some did see action against the Germans during the Slovak Uprising.

Specifications
Crew 2
Weight 2.3 tons
Length 2.7m
Width 1.75m
Height 1.45m
Engine Praga 4cyl water cooled 1950cc 30hp
Transmission ?
Performance 35km/hour
Range 100km
Armament 2 x Light ZB vz.26 MG
Armor 4 - 12mm

LT vz.34
LT vz.34

Four LT vz.34 tanks on exercise. The Slovak army had 27 of these which were mainly used for training.

Specifications
Crew 3
Weight 7.5 tons
length 4.6m
Width 2.1m
Height  2.22m
Range 160km
Armor 8 - 15mm
Armament 3.7cm Skoda UV vz.34, 2 x ZB vz.35 MG
Engine Praga 4cyl water cooled 6082cc 62.5hp
Performance 30km/hour

LT vz.35---LT vz.35
LT vz.35

Czechoslovakia built 298 LT vz 35 from 1936 - 39 as their main battle tank. Following the German occupation, most were taken into German service, seventy nine were kept by the newly created Slovakian army. See the Czechoslovakia section for details.

Specifications
Crew
Engine 120hp
Speed 25mph
Length 4.90m
Width 2.10m
Height 2.35m
Armament 37mm Cannon 2 MG
Armor 8-25mm
Weight 10.5 tons
Range 125 miles

BMM THNPS1 PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf A - G---BMM THNPS1 PzKpfw 38(t) - Note that the shield markings are post 1942.---BMM THNPS1 PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf A - G

Slo-PzKpfw38.jpg (115097 bytes)---Slo-PzKpfw38-1.jpg (104546 bytes)---Destroyed vechicles from the Slovak uprising against Germany late in the war. By October 27, 1944 it was all over with the survivers retreating into the Tatra Mountains to conduct a partisan war.

Destroyed vechicles from the Slovak uprising against Germany late in the war. By October 27, 1944 it was all over with the survivers retreating into the Tatra Mountains to conduct a partisan war.---A Pzkpfw 38(t) Ausf. S. The Slovaks had 20 PzKpfw38(t) vehicles available to them during the uprising. These tanks quickly proved to be no match against the Panzer IV and Hetzer units used against them. This also marked the first time that PzKpfw38(t) tanks ever fought German units.
BMM THNPS1 PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf. A through G & S

Accepted for service on 1st July 1938 as a replacement for the LT vz 35, the LT vz 38 had not entered production when the Germans occupied Czechoslovakia in 1939. The Germans were impressed by its features, and ordered it into production as the PzKpfw 38(t). 37 PzKpfw 38(t)s were used by the Slovakian army in various marks. This tank can be considered one of the most important light tanks to serve during WW2. Indicated in the below table is the difference between the earliest (A) and latest model (G). The Slovak Fast Division was part of the German Army Group South and fought as part of the 14th Panzer Corp. At full strength, the unit had 114 tanks. Chassis numbers were, for Ausf. S, from 1101 - 1600 and can be seen on the front "license" plate. 321 were produced. The Ausf. S was similar in appearance to the standard PzKpfw 38(t) Ausf. A but without the battle aerial. These tanks wre fitted with turret-ring splash proctectors as fitted to the Ausf. E and F models. The Ausf. S were exclusively exported to the Slovak Free State and served through 1942 when they were withdrawn from frontline action.

Specifications
  Ausfuhrung A Ausfuhrung G Ausfuhrung S
Crew 4 4 4
Engine Praga TNHPS, 6cyl 7754cc 126hp Praga TNHPS, 6cyl 7754cc 126hp Praga EPA
Speed 42km/hour 42km/hour 42km/hour
Length 4.54m 4.61m 4.61m
Width 2.12m 2.14m 2.14m
Height 2.35m 2.23m 2.4
Armament 37mm KwK 38(t) 2 x 37(t)MG 37mm KwK 38(t) 2 x 37(t)MG 37mm KwK 38(t) 2 x 37(t)MG
Armor 8 - 25mm 8 - 25mm 10 - 15mm
Weight 9.4 tons 9.5 tons 9.85 tons
Range 250km 250km 250km

CKD LLT (LT vz.40)---CKD LLT (LT vz.40)---CKD LLT (LT vz.40)---An abandoned unit.
CKD LLT (LT vz.40)

Orginally designed for Latvia, Slovakia changed the design a bit and purchased all 21 units. The left photo shows a LT-40 command tank. This tank design was a very popular export for CKD (later called BMM). You can read about it in the Czechoslovakian section. Compare the specifications below to the Latvian unit in the Latvia section.

Specifications
Crew 3
Engine Praga TNHPS 6cyl water cooled 7750cc 126hp
Performance 47km/hour 
Length 4.2m
Width 2.15m
Height 2.16m
Armament 3.7cm Skoda A7, 2 x ZB vz.37 MG
Armor 8 - 25mm
Weight 7.5 tons
Range 200km

Panzerjager 38(t) fur 7.62cm PaK36(r) Sd Kfz 139---Panzerjager 38(t) fur 7.62cm PaK36(r) Sd Kfz 139---Panzerjager 38(t) fur 7.62cm PaK36(r) Sd Kfz 139
Marder III
Panzerjager 38(t) fur 7.62cm PaK36(r) Sd Kfz 139

The top left picture is of a destroyed Marder III, probably during the Slovak uprising. 18 were sold to Slovakia. Problems faced by Axis troops in Russia when they encountered superior Russian armor was to be solved in the short term by the production of self-propelled anti-tank guns. Since the Pz Kpfw 38(t) was obsolete as a battle tank and considered too slow as a reconnaissance tank, it was ordered that a number of the chassis under construction be converted to gun carriages. A prototype Sf (SP) mounting a Russian 7.62cm gun was built in December 1941, and an order dated 22 December 1941 called for production of 17 units per month from 24 March 1942, and for capacity for 30 a month from July onward. Several orders were issued so that eventually 344 were built. From July 1942, Hitler ordered at all Pz Kpfw 38(t) production be used as Sf. The 7.62cm PaK36(r) was the Russian FK296 rebuilt to German specifications and rechambered to take a PaK40 cartridge. Conversion was made from the large stocks of guns captured during the initial success in Russia. To cope with the greater weight of the self-propelled guns, the motor was increased in power to 150hp. This model was introduced in July 1942 as the Ausf H.

Specifications
Crew 4
Weight 10.67 tons
Length 5.85 meters
Width 2.16 meters
Height 2.5 meters
Engine Praga EPA & EPA/2, 150hp
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse
Performance 42 kph
Range 185 km
Armament 1 x 7.62 cm, 1 x 7.92MG
Armor 10 - 50mm

Panzer II c
Panzer II c
Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf c, A, B und C Sd Kfz 121

16 were used in recce units. The final model of the development series was the Ausf c, which bore the external feature that came to be recognized as the standard design for the Pz Kpfw II. The Ausf A was the first production series and was built from July 1937. The Ausf B was produced from December 1937, and the Ausf C, from June 1938.

Specifications
Crew 3
Weight 8.9 tons
Length 4.81 meters
Width 2.22 meters
Height 1.99 meters
Engine Maybach HL62TR
Transmission 6 forward, 1 reverse
Performance 40 kph
Range 200 kilometers
Armament 1 x 20mm KwK30 L/55, 1 x 7.92 MG34
Armor 10 - 16mm

Panzer III N
Panzer III N
Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf N Sd Kfz 141/2

At least 5 to 7 of these were sold to Slovakia. In June 1942, because of the decreased effectiveness of the earlier versions of the Panzer III against enemy armor, it was decided to mount the 75mm KwK L/24 on the vehicle. The gun not only fired a more effective high explosive round, but also fired a shaped charge (Hohlladung) round that had better armor penetrating ability than the long barreled 50mm KwK39 L/60 which it replaced.

Specifications
Crew 5
Weight 23 tons
Length 5.65 meters
Width 2.95 meters
Height 2.5 meters
Engine Maybach HL120TRM
Performance 40 kph
Range 155 k
Transmission 6 forward, 1 reverse
Armament 2 x 7.92 MG34, 1 x 7.5cm
Armor 10 - 70mm (spaced on the superstructure not the mantlet due to the size of the 7.5cm gun)

Skoda MTH
Skoda MTH

55 units were produced between 1935 and 1939. The Czechoslovak designation was MTH 1, MTH 2, and MTH 3. The German designation was Leichter Raupenshlepper MTH. It is indicatated that the Germans only kept the MTH 3 model. This unit was exported to the Slovak army (the MTH 3 model). It was capable of towing 2.5 tons and carrying 800kg.


CKD Praga III
CKD Praga III

32 units produced 1935. The Czech designation for the tractor was the Praga III. The German army designated them Leighter Raupenschlepper T-III(t). Three units were exported to Slovakia. This vehicle could tow 1.8tons and carry 600kg.


CKD Praga IV
CKD Praga IV

114 + 1 prototype were produced between 1935 to 1939. Could tow 4.5 tons and carry 1.16 ton. The Czech designation for the tractor was the Praga IV. The German army designated them Mittlerer Raupenschlepper T-IV(t). 38 units were exported to Slovakia.


CKD Praga TH
CKD Praga TH

Later units were known as Praga T 6. Over 900 of these units were produced and exported widely. Slovakia obtained 8. The production run was from 1937 - 1944. Though built by the Czech firm of CKD (later BMM), it was never used by the Czechoslovak army.


CKD Praga T 9
CKD Praga T 9

Built by the Czech firm of CKD (later known as BMM). Initially called the Praga TH 6, it was renamed the Praga T 9. 76 were built between 1937 to 1943. 16 units were purchased by Turkey, 5 by Slovakia, and the rest by the German army. This vehicle was never used by the Czech army. The TH 6 could tow 10 tons and carry 1 ton.


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Last Update: Thursday, February 13, 2003