Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal. Neutrality, once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity, has been called into question since the Soviet collapse and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs. A prosperous country, Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999. - US CIA World Factbook


The Skoda (Czech) PA-II---Austrian PAII
The Skoda (Czech) PA-II

Three of these armored cars were purchased in 1927. They were used by the Vienna police department. The Austrians modified at least one of them by adding a small commander's cupola. These units were used after the suppression of the Nazi putch and murder of Austrian Chancellor Dr. Dollfuss in July 1934. The picture on the right shows one of these units in Vienna outside the Chancellor's residence after Dr. Dollfuss' assassination. All survived WW2.


Fiat-Ansaldo CV33 & 35 Tankette
Fiat-Ansaldo CV33 & 35 Tankette

Two lots of CVs were furnished to Austria.  36 CV 33, Series II were furnished in late 1935, and in March 1937 another 36 CV 35, Series I were furnished. All were armed with 8mm Schwarzlose machineguns.  Four companies, each with 18 CVs, were formed, based at Bruknendorf.  Following the annexation to Germany, the battalion was incorporated into the 4th Leichte Panzerdivision.


Landsverk L60S
Landsverk L60S

One Landsverk L-60 tank was sold to Austria for evaluation. Most likely it had an unofficial designation of L-60 . A little known fact about the Landsverk company - It was a subsidiary of Krupp. Krupp also owned Bofors - the great gun manufacturer. Germany was denied tanks by the Versailles treaty. In order to develop tanks, Germany was forced into owning front companies and testing vehicles deep within Soviet Russia prior to the advent of the NAZI's.


The LT vz 35
The LT vz 35

Purchased from Czechoslovakia. Exact numbers and service record are unknown. For data, see the Czechoslovakia section.


September 1939, Danzing Poland---PzKpfw Steyr ADGZ Armored Car---PzKpfw Steyr ADGZ Armored Car
PzKpfw Steyr ADGZ Armored Car

Developed as a heavy armored car for the Austrian army from 1934 and delivered from 1935-37. A production series was considered. When Germany occupied Austria during "Anschluss" in 1938, they obtained 27 of these units from the Austrian army (12 ADGZ road-tanks were part of the Austrian army as of March 1938, all in the Fast Division, while 14 were part of the police and gernarmerie which makes 26 - where the extra one came from described before is simply a dispute between my sources). The PzKpfw Steyr ADGZ Armored Cars were assigned to Police detachments and SS units. In 1941, the SS ordered an additional 25 ADGZ. Delivered in 1942, they entered service in Russia and the Balkans. An interesting feature of this vehicle was that there was no "rear". Either end was capable of driving the unit.

Specifications
Crew: 6
Weight: 12 tons
Engine: Austro-Daimler M612, 6-cyl, 12 lit, 150hp
Performance: Road: 70km/h
Range: Road: 450km
Length: 6.26m
Width: 2.16m
Height: 2.56m
Armament: 20mm KwK 35 L/45, 3 x 7.92mm MG34
Armor: 11mm

ADMK Wheel-cum-Track Tankette "Mulus"---ADMK Wheel-cum-Track Tankette "Mulus"---ADMK Wheel-cum-Track Tankette "Mulus"
ADMK Wheel-cum-Track Tankette "Mulus"

First produced in 1935, this wheel-cum-track tank had unique featured an arrangement that was able to swing the front wheels upward via gear-driven arms. They then could be removed and put into brackets on the rear of the vehicle. The rear wheels could also be removed by driving the tracks up on blocks. A strange feature was that the front arms acted as a framework for the driver's seat.

Specifications
Weight: 1.56 tons
Engine: Daimler 4-cyl, 20hp, air cooled
Performance: 10 mph (tracks) 27 mph (wheels)
Range: Road: 450km
Length: 8'6" (tracks)11'8" (wheels)
Width: 3'5" (tracks) 4'1" (wheels)
Height: 3'11" (tracks) 4'2" (wheels)

Saurer RR-7---Seen here in the North African desert with the Africa Corps.
Saurer RR-7

From 1936, the RR7 was developed by Saurer as an artillery tractor for the Austrian army. Testing was completed and in 1937, an order was placed for the tractors which were manufactured in 1938. About 12 vehicles were made prior to "Anschluss". After Austria was incorporated into Germany in 1938, the vehicle continued to be manufactured. Records indicate that a total of 140 units were built. The new designator for Germany was Sd Kfz 254. Notable features of this tank were it's wheel-cum-track layout and a diesel motor. The picture on the right is of this unit being used by the German Afrika Korps.

Specifications
Crew 7
Weight 6.4 tons
Length 4.56 meters
Width 2.02 meters, 2.20 on wheels
Height 1.88 meters
Armament 1 x 7.92MG
Armor 6-15mm
Performance 60 kpm
Range 500 km on wheels
Engine Saurer CRDv 4cyl, 70hp diesel

Austrian 47mm AT Gun. - Photo provided by Ionica Fonosch.
Austrian 47mm AT Gun

No additional information.


Austro Daimler Romfell - Photo thanks to Stanislav Kiriletz
Austro Daimler Romfell

No additional information.


People who helped make this page possible

George Parada
Author of
Achtung Panzer!

The late Mario Paesani
Author of
The Armored Web Site

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Thorleif Olsson
Author of
Baltic AFV's & Armored Trains 1918-1940
Red Steel! Soviet tanks 1920 - 1945

Kristjan Tedre

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Olaf Schiltmans

Ionica Fonosch
Ionica Fonosch

Henrik Krog
Author Of
DAF YP408 Forgotten Hero

Ralph Ricco, thanks to his book and personal input, was a major contributor to this section.
Ralph Ricco

Stanislav Kiriletz

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Last Update: Wednesday, March 12, 2003