Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a communist Peoples Republic in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of President Nicolae CEAUSESCU became increasingly draconian through the 1980s. He was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Much economic restructuring remains to be carried out before Romania can achieve its hope of joining the EU. - US CIA World Factbook


Resita - Drawing provided by Ionica Fonosch
Resita

A Romanian machine gun carrier constructed on a Mercedes chassis in 1916. The engine had 80hp. Armor 6 - 8mm. Built by the Austrian Hungarians in their Resita factory, it came under Romanian control in 1918. The Resita firm was much like Skoda with much of it's early engineers and skilled staff obtaining training from Germany.


(no photo)
German Erhardt

Obtained after WW1. Exact numbers are unknown. Removed from service in 1920 as remaining vehicles were unserviceable.


(no photo)
Austrian Ranfell

Obtained after WW1. Exact numbers are unknown. Removed from service in 1920 as remaining vehicles were unserviceable.


(no photo)
Russian Garford

Obtained after WW1. Exact numbers are unknown. Removed from service in 1920 as remaining vehicles were unserviceable.


(no photo)
Russian Austin

Obtained after WW1 - some sources state they "fell into the hands" of the Romanians following the collapse of Imperial Russia. Exact numbers are unknown. Removed from service in 1933 as remaining vehicles were unserviceable. Other sources state that four were still in service as late as 1939.


Lanz Bulldog - Diagram supplied by Ionica Fonosch
I.A.R. 22 - Prime Mover

Used in civilian and military purposes, the I.A.R.-22 is a copy of  Lanz Bulldog. I.A.R.-22 was in service 1946-1960. Starting in 1956 it was slowly replaced with Soviet K.D.-35


Berliet AA Truck - Photo provided by Ionica Fonosch
Berliet AA Truck

In service in 1916. This vehicle shot down several German aircraft and damaged a German Zeppelin that attacked Bucharest. Equiped with a 42hp motor and a 75mm C.K. gun. The effective range of the gun was 5500m.


(no photo)
Renault Truck

Romania had 20 Renault trucks armed with machine guns in 1916.


(no photo)
ADGZ Armored Car

The Steyr-Daimler Puch AG of Austria was an 8 wheeled armored car produced in the late 1930's. Exact numbers and any special Romanian adaptations are vague. It is also vague as to how the Romanians acquired these vehicles. TANKS! suspects that these vehicles were used by Police units only and not by the regular armed forces.


(no picture)
PSW 222

Unknown quanities were purchased in 1943. Used by the 1st Armored Division.


(no picture)
SPW 250/1

Unknown quanities were purchased in 1943. Used by the 1st Armored Division.


Photo submitted by Ion Fonosch
SPW 251/1

Unknown quanities were purchased in 1943. Used by the 1st Armored Division. This vehicle has a Czechoslovak after WW2 copy named OT-810 that was used by romania 1955 (the yugoslav variant is still in service).


(no picture)
FAMO F3 Model 1939

A Romanian version was built in Breslau (and Warsaw). These were used up to 1955 when they were replaced by the Soviet artillery tractor AT-S.


Gepanzerte Zugkraftwagen 8t (Sd Kfz 7) - Photo provided by Ionica Fonosch---Photo from the Romanian Military Museum in Bucharest. - Photo by Ionica Fonosch.---Photo by Ionica Fonosch.

Photo provided by Ion Fonosch---Photo provided by Ion Fonosch---Photo provided by Ion Fonosch
Gepanzerte Zugkraftwagen 8t (Sd Kfz 7)

An unknown number were supplied to Romania.


BA64 - Drawing provided by Ionica Fonosch
Soviet BA64

BA-64B model 1934. Several units captured 1941-1943. An unknown number were purchased after the war. Taken out of service in Romania 1952.


Skoda PA-III (OA vz.27)---Skoda PA-III (OA vz.27)---Skoda PA-III (OA vz.27)
Skoda PA-III (OA vz.27)

Three units were interred (captured) when Czech units crossed national lines during the breakup of what was left of Czechoslovakia in 1939. Czech units were retreating from Transcarpathian Ruthenia after March 15, 1939 when the Hungarians invaded. The Romanians were friends and allies of the Czechs at the time. The Romanians lost 2 of the units when the Americans bombed the Poesti oilfields in 1944. The units were in the Skoda field repair depot at the time. The center and right picture are of the destruction of these units.


Tatra Koprivnice T-72 (OA vz.30)
Tatra Koprivnice T-72 (OA vz.30)

51 vehicles were produced between 1933-34. Nine were captured by Romania during the final breakup of Czechoslovakia in 1939.

Specifications
Crew 3
Engine Tatra 71 aircolled 4cyl 1910cc 32hp
Performance 60km/hour 
Length 4.02m
Width 1.52m
Height 2.02m
Armament 3 x ZB vz.26 MG
Armor 3 - 6mm
Weight 2.78 tons
Range 300km

CKD Praga TNSPE
CKD Praga TNSPE

7 vehicles were produced between 1936-37. Specifically designed for the Romainian Riot Police.

Specifications
Crew 3
Engine Praga TN, 4cyl water cooled 7800cc 105hp
Performance 50km/hour 
Length 7.99m
Width 2.2m
Height 2.65m
Armament 1 x ZB vz.26 MG + 1 x water cannon
Armor 4 - 8mm
Weight 12 tons
Range 250km

(No Photo)
Italian Autoblinda Armored Car

Eight units were promised to the Romanians by the Germans following the capitulation of Italy. Data as to their usage is unknown.


People who helped make this page possible

David Barrett
David Barrett

Ralph D. Norton

Daniella Carlsson
Daniella Carlsson

Alexander Simeonov

Ramirez Romares

Steven Guy
Author Of
Thunder and Steel

Leo Leo

Ionica Fonosch
Ionica Fonosch

Bill Morran

ohoh

guestbook

Last Update: Thursday, February 13, 2003

Prince Vlad

This page is dedicated to...
Prince Vlad III Dracula

Defender of Romania against the Turks.